The San He School is the older of the two Feng Shui Schools and focuses on environmental features such as mountains, terrains and water. The San He School is particularly useful for evaluating the energetic qualities of landforms.
San He methods focus on five factors:
- Long (Mountains)
- Sha (Mountain Embrace)
- Xue (Meridian Spot)
- Shui (Water)
- Xiang (Facing)
San He focuses on techniques of analyzing external Feng Shui. The methods are largely focused on appreciating and understanding how landforms generate and concentrate Qi, identifying the Meridian spot through evaluating the land contours and ascertaining where the Qi has concentrated by inspecting the formations in the land. The calculations of Qi for the interior of the property are not ignored, but the landforms are given a higher priority.
A San He Practitioner’s goal will be to determine how to best orientate the property to suit the surrounding Mountain and Water formations and to try and match the location of the Water and Mountains in the area to San He formulas.
San He recognizes that Qi is dynamic and changes through time but its premise is on using the unchanging, or Yin, to counter the changing, or the Yang. Landform features, such as mountains and rivers, are considered permanent and unchanging through the times. San He systems do not look to adapt to the changing Qi cycle, but to insulate and outlast any unfavorable periods in the Qi cycle through superior landform.