All Classical Feng Shui practice considers four primary aspects – the Environment, the Building, the Residents and the factor of Time. Direction and Location are used with reference to the above four factors to tap into Qi.
The external environment is the primary consideration in classical Feng Shui, because natural features such as mountains, hills and water formations determine the quality of the Qi that affects a particular area. The arrangement and shape of nearby roads and highways also tell us the way Qi flows into a property.
There are 4 predominant factors that must be considered when evaluating the Feng Shui of a building:
- Its facing direction
- Its shape
- Its layout
- The location of the main door, kitchen and bedrooms
The direction a building faces determines the type of Qi that enters the building, and affects the way that Qi circulates inside the building.
The shape of a building should be balanced and stable. Factors like irregular shapes, poorly positioned columns and improperly sized entrances can affect the flow of Qi. A “Bright Hall” (Ming Tang), meaning an open space that allows Qi to meander into and collect before entering a property, should be present just outside and just inside the main door. Tight and narrow corridors squeeze Qi, and can cause it to become negative.
The layout of the building, meaning the locations of rooms and areas within it, determines the type of Qi that is present to influence the residents.
The location of the main door, kitchen stove and bedrooms are also factors to consider when assessing the internal layout of a property.
Qi has different effects on each occupant of a building, because each person has a unique makeup. A person’s gender and date of birth affect his or her response to Qi.
The Time factor is very important in all systems of classical Feng Shui – especially the San Yuan System. Change is the only constant in life, and is reflected in the passing of time. No property or individual will enjoy good fortune or be plagued by bad fortune forever. Thus, the factor of Time needs to be taken into consideration in assessing the Feng Shui of a property.